What a Stock Split Is and How It Works, With an Example

stock split vs stock dividend

The decision to split the stock should be carried out by the board of directors or by a committee vote with shareholders. As such, the decision to split the shares is a costly and time-consuming exercise. As with cash dividends, tax considerations https://www.bookstime.com/ have an important Inhering on the decision to issue a stock dividend. This factor is particularly more important for shareholders who are already in high tax brackets. The stock market is one of the most complex places in the economy.

stock split vs stock dividend

An investor who owned 1,000 shares of the stock pre-split would have owned 4,000 shares post-split. Apple’s outstanding shares increased from 3.4 billion to approximately 13.6 billion, while the market capitalization remained largely unchanged at $2 trillion. Some opponents of stock splits view the action as having the potential to attract the wrong crowd of investors. Consider Berkshire Hathaway’s Class A shares trading for hundreds of thousands of dollars. Had Warren Buffet split the stock, many traders in the general public would be able to afford his company’s shares.


There is no effect on the par value per share, but with the issue of additional shares, the total number of outstanding shares increases. In common parlance, the stock dividend can take the form of a bonus issue. Basically, a bonus issue means the issue of a bonus i.e. extra shares as a reward to the existing shareholders by the company, without any extra price. A stock split is also regarded as a corporate move in more technical terms; under this, the face value of the organization’s existing shares is divided into a specific ratio.

MIND Technology Announces Terms of Reverse Stock Split and Declaration of Preferred Stock Dividend – Yahoo Finance

MIND Technology Announces Terms of Reverse Stock Split and Declaration of Preferred Stock Dividend.

Posted: Thu, 28 Sep 2023 07:00:00 GMT [source]

As a result, splits give each shareholder more shares, but they also proportionally lower the value of each share. Issuing share dividends lowers the price of the stock, at least in the short term. A lower-priced stock tends to attract more buyers, so current shareholders are likely to get their reward down the road.


It does not have any effect on the organization’s equity capitalization. Hence, it does not have any effect on the net assets of the company. For example, a 2-for-1 stock split is similar to a 100% stock dividend.

  • It’s as if you had a chocolate bar that was broken into smaller bits.
  • However, if this event is a stock dividend, the stock’s par or stated value will not change, but Retained Earnings will decrease and Common Stock will increase.
  • Stock Split and Stock Dividend are different, and cannot be used interchangeably.
  • Shares become more affordable to investors after a split because they go down in price.
  • In effect, the old shares are canceled and shares with the new par value are issued.

The composition of the shareholder’s equity is changed in the case of a stock dividend. It is because it leads to the transfer of a proposition of retained earnings to paid-up capital. In reality, it distributes the company’s general reserves into the share capital of the company.

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But that’s arguably also a good sign of smart management, focusing on economics and what makes sense for the business rather than increasing the dividend for the sole purpose of keeping a streak going. This year, the company raised its dividend by 15% — the fifth consecutive year that it has increased its payouts by that much. That more than makes up not stock split vs stock dividend making dividend increases every year, in my view. A Stock Split is when the additional stocks are subdivided into various pieces and given to the small retailer. Nowadays, companies often issue additional shares to their loyal stakeholders. This example shows the disclosure of a stock split effected in the form of a stock dividend by Prime Computer, Inc.

The purpose of these activities is generally to stimulate activity in the stock by reducing the trading value of each share, with the ultimate goal of increasing the total value of the shares. When there is a 2-for-1 stock split, the par value is halved to $0.50 and the number of shares is doubled to 200,000. Dividends are always a good thing, whether they’re in shares or in cash. However, if you’re buying dividend-paying stocks in order to create a regular source of income, you might prefer to get the cash.

With the proper knowledge, investors can maximize their profits and minimize losses. On the other hand, if the company declares a stock dividend of 0.2, the shareholder’s payment comes in the form of stock shares. In this case, for every share owned, 0.2 of a share (called a fractional share) is awarded to the shareholder. Thus, the investor with 10,000 shares would own a total of 12,000 shares (10,000 x 1.2) after collecting the dividend. Companies typically split stocks when share prices are rising. However, splitting at the wrong time due to overconfidence can cause problems if the share price drops below certain thresholds in the future.

This indicates that the business provides them free of charge. A stock dividend is a distribution of additional shares of stock to existing shareholders, increasing the number of shares but maintaining the value of their investment. A stock split divides existing shares into multiple shares, reducing the value of individual shares but increasing the company’s total value.

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